The project

Concrete is the most used construction material globally and in the EU. It is also a highly carbon-intensive material. The production of cement alone is accountable for 5–8 % of annual carbon emissions globally. Construction and demolition waste is the single most significant source of waste in the EU, subject to a 70 % recovery target under the Waste Framework Directive.

Research shows that by reusing concrete components the carbon footprint and energy consumption of the product phase can be reduced drastically by up to 93–98% compared to virgin production or aggregate recycling.

The main objective of the ReCreate project is to close the loop for concrete at the highest level of utilization by facilitating the deconstruction and reuse of precast structural components.

The aim of this project is to improve the technical and economic viability of deconstruction of precast concrete structures that have not been designed for deconstruction. The main objective is to pilot deconstruction and reuse towards maturity as a socio-technical system. The project develops the transition towards circular construction by investigating the systemic changes needed in the whole ecosystems of construction and demolition.

ReCreate will facilitate the generation of novel significant technology-based circular economy innovation businesses originating from radical innovations and incremental improvements, which together enable scaling up the sustainable recovery and processing for reuse and thus strengthen the competitiveness of the European raw materials industries as well as increasing service industries. To this end, the ReCreate consortium includes outstanding partners e.g. the world leading prefabricated building company, Skanska, and the market leader of precast concrete in Europe, Consolis, and building owners with vested interest and a project pipeline leveraging the ReCreate resources

  • Objectives
  • Impacts
  • Demonstrate value and profitability
  • Develop a scalable profitable business model
  • Develop technology and digital tools enabling the integration of the supply chain
  • Ensure safety and healthiness
  • Demonstrate potential and mitigate social and legal barriers
  • Share knowledge
  • Unlock unexploited or underexploited raw materials and improve circularity, close material cycles
  • Improve economic viability, market potential and value creation
  • Improve health, safety and environmental performance
  • Improve material and value recovery rate via wider application of smart techniques and procedures
  • Push EU to the forefront of technology though generated know-how
  • ReCreate contributes to several of the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): SDG 9 (Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation), SDG 11 (Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable), SDG 13 (Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts)

Funding Programme

ReCreate is funded by Horizon 2020, the biggest EU Research and Innovation programme ever with nearly €80 billion of funding available over 7 years (2014 to 2020). ReCreate is the action under the topic of: Raw materials innovation for the circular economy: sustainable processing, reuse, recycling and recovery schemes.


“This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 958200”.

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